Authors: Konstantīns Beņkovskis (Bank of Latvia), Ludmila Fadejeva (Bank of Latvia), Anna Pļuta (BICEPS) and Anna Zasova (BICEPS)
In this paper, we link a CGE model with the tax-benefit microsimulation model EUROMOD for Latvia. The model linkage is done using an iterative top-down bottom-up approach, ensuring the convergence of changes in disposable income, employment and wage in both models. We also incorporate the unreported wage payments in CGE and EUROMOD to account for the substantial labour tax non-compliance in Latvia and improve the modelling of the fiscal sector. Several simulations demonstrate the advantages of the joint CGE-EUROMOD system over the individual macro and microsimulation models. The lack of income distribution aspect and the scarcity of fiscal instruments in CGE can be overcome by the features of EUROMOD. The CGE model, on the other hand, provides macroeconomic spillovers that are missing in the simulations of EUROMOD.
Keywords: EUROMOD, CGE model, model linkage, informal sector
JEL codes: C68, D58, D90, J46